Simulation of a Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) system using various Space Time Coding (STC) techniques in LabVIEW
(Undergraduation Major Project Thesis)

Click Here to  view the top level graphical user interface of the MIMO Simulation Model.

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Download the stand-alone software developed as a part of the undergraduate thesis.

Required: LabVIEW Runtime Engine 2009 or later

MIMO Simulation Model.rar MIMO Simulation Model.rar
Size : 2.351 Kb
Type : rar

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Browsing Archive: February, 2009

Meeting with Prof A. S. Ranade

Posted by Ujjval Shah on Saturday, February 28, 2009, In : Meetings/Phone Conversations/Mails 

Today I had an hour long meeting with Prof. A. S. Ranade. It was the first official meeting where we discussed the project. I started off from point 0 – explaining what MIMO is. Then we moved on to ‘Diversity’- i.e. in a nutshell- sending replicas of signal to achiever better performance, which is the main idea behind mimo. Space Diversity being the area of interest in this project, we discussed what physical ways of achieving it are. Following that we discussed the two techniques of Ma...


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Maximum Likelihood Detection and Receiver

Posted by Ujjval Shah on Friday, February 27, 2009, In : Theory 

The received signals at a receiver antenna in two time slots can be written as:

For more than two antennas, the  max lik rec function will be



...
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Orthogonal Space-Time Block Codes (OSTBC)

Posted by Ujjval Shah on Friday, February 27, 2009, In : Theory 

The goal of space-time coding is to achieve the maximum diversity of NM, the maximum coding gain, and the highest possible throughput. In addition, the decoding complexity is very important.

Alamouti code

N = 2 M = 1

To transmit b bits/cycle, we use a modulation scheme that maps every b bits to one symbol from a constellation with 2bsymbols

First, the transmitter picks two symbols from the constellation using a block of 2b bits. If s1 and s2 are the selected symbols for a block...


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Maximum Ratio Combining (MRC)

Posted by Ujjval Shah on Friday, February 27, 2009, In : Theory 

M receiver antennas receive M signals each represented as:

rm = αms + ηm,

where ηm is a white Gaussian noise sample added to the mth copy of the signal. A maximum-likelihood (ML) decoder combines these M received signals to find the most likely transmitted signal.We consider a coherent detection scheme where the receiver knows the channel path gains, αm. 

Owing to its array gain, MRC typically achieves a few dB better SNR than does SC.

 

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Combining Methods

Posted by Ujjval Shah on Friday, February 27, 2009, In : Theory 

The source of diversity does not affect the method of combination with the exception of transmit antenna diversity. For example, receiving two versions of the transmitted signal through polarization diversity is the same as receiving two signals from two receive antennas for the purpose of combining

 There are two main combining methods that are utilized at the receiver:

  •  Maximum Ratio Combining (MRC)
  • Selection Combining

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Probability Error

Posted by Ujjval Shah on Friday, February 27, 2009, In : Theory 

Probability Error for Diversity

P= c1e-c2 γ

γ –snr

in fading without diversity


In fading with diversity of NtxNr=Nd


Probability Error for Array Gain


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Diversity Methods

Posted by Ujjval Shah on Friday, February 27, 2009, In : Theory 

The replica of the transmitted signal can be sent through different means [99]. For example, it can be transmitted in a different time slot, a different frequency, a different polarization, or a different antenna. The goal is to send two or more copies of the signal through independent fades. Then, since it is less likely to have all the independent paths in deep fades, using appropriate combining methods, the probability of error will be lower.

  •  Time slot – repetition
  • Frequency – fdd
  • Pol...


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Diversity

Posted by Ujjval Shah on Friday, February 27, 2009, In : Theory 

The main idea behind “diversity” is to provide different replicas of the transmitted signal to the receiver. If these different replicas fade independently, it is less probable to have all copies of the transmitted signal in deep fade simultaneously. Therefore, the receiver can reliably decode the transmitted signal using these received signals. This can be done, for example, by picking the signal with the highest SNR or by combining the multiple received signals. As a result, the probabi...


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Overview

Posted by Ujjval Shah on Friday, February 27, 2009,

Brief Summary of the project

Definition:

Simulation of a Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) system using various Space Time Coding (STC) techniques in LabVIEW

MIMO-STC technique is one of the salient features of the WiMAX Mobile standarad, which along with Multiple Access scheme for multiple users, also marks it different from the WiMAX Fixed standard. The above simulation will be done specifically keeping in mind the WiMAX standard.

The success of the simulation will be done after com...


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