The replica of the transmitted signal can be sent through different means [99]. For example, it can be transmitted in a different time slot, a different frequency, a different polarization, or a different antenna. The goal is to send two or more copies of the signal through independent fades. Then, since it is less likely to have all the independent paths in deep fades, using appropriate combining methods, the probability of error will be lower.

  •  Time slot – repetition
  • Frequency – fdd
  • Pol...


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